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大口径模块化空间可展天线支承结构撞击动力响应研究

金路 钱晶晶 田大可

金路, 钱晶晶, 田大可. 大口径模块化空间可展天线支承结构撞击动力响应研究[J]. 工程力学, 2022, 39(S): 342-349. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.06.S045
引用本文: 金路, 钱晶晶, 田大可. 大口径模块化空间可展天线支承结构撞击动力响应研究[J]. 工程力学, 2022, 39(S): 342-349. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.06.S045
JIN Lu, QIAN Jing-jing, TIAN Da-ke. STUDY ON IMPACT DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF LARGE APERTURE MODULAR SPACE DEPLOYABLE ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2022, 39(S): 342-349. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.06.S045
Citation: JIN Lu, QIAN Jing-jing, TIAN Da-ke. STUDY ON IMPACT DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF LARGE APERTURE MODULAR SPACE DEPLOYABLE ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2022, 39(S): 342-349. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.06.S045

大口径模块化空间可展天线支承结构撞击动力响应研究

doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.06.S045
基金项目: 辽宁省教育厅科学研究面上项目(LJKZ0563);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2019M661126);国家自然科学基金重点项目(51835002)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    金 路(1982−),女,辽宁人,副教授,博士,主要从事高层与轻型钢结构、空间结构方面研究(E-mail: jinlu@sjzu.edu.cn)

    钱晶晶(1995−),女,湖北人,硕士生,主要从事结构工程研究(E-mail: qjingjing163@163.com)

    通讯作者:

    田大可(1981−),男,辽宁人,副教授,博士,主要从事空间可展开天线方面研究(E-mail: tiandake@sjzu.edu.cn)

  • 中图分类号: V414

STUDY ON IMPACT DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF LARGE APERTURE MODULAR SPACE DEPLOYABLE ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE

  • 摘要: 空间可展天线在轨运行时可能会受到空间碎片的高速撞击,为研究天线支承结构受高速撞击时的动力响应特性,采用ANSYS/LS-DYNA有限元软件,建立了大口径模块化空间可展天线支承结构撞击动力模型。基于已有网壳结构的高速撞击试验,验证撞击模型的有效性。经与显式动力模型计算结果对比验证,提出了一种有效的撞击动力分析等效模型,分析了不同撞击位置和不同撞击速度参数对天线支承结构的撞击动态响应、破坏模式及关键杆件和整体结构变形性能的影响。结果表明:撞击点越靠近结构形心,撞击影响区域越大;高速撞击时破坏模式均为撞击区域小局部凹陷或击穿,结构整体稳定性较好;天线结构的最大变形通常发生在撞击点处,最不利撞击点为离约束最远端结构边缘,应对该处采取安全防护措施;随着撞击速度由高速增至超高速,撞击点处结构整体变形增大,但撞击响应区域呈先增大后减小趋势;撞击速度20 km/s时被撞击杆件快速发生冲剪破坏,整体结构变形区域最小。
  • 图  1  六边形单模块

    Figure  1.  Hexagonal single module

    图  2  四层模块拓扑图

    Figure  2.  Four-layer module topology view

    图  3  平面模块的空间球面投影

    Figure  3.  Spatial spherical projection of plane module

    图  4  结构有限元模型

    Figure  4.  Finite element model of support structure

    图  5  试验工况1-1

    Figure  5.  Test condition 1-1

    图  6  球面网壳结构试验模型

    Figure  6.  Experiment model of spherical reticulated shell

    图  7  球面网壳结构有限元模型

    Figure  7.  Finite element model of spherical reticulated shell

    图  8  试验工况1-1节点变形

    Figure  8.  Deformations of joint in test condition 1-1

    图  9  有限元模拟整体变形

    Figure  9.  Global deformation of finite element simulation

    图  10  三角形脉冲荷载

    Figure  10.  Triangular impulse load

    图  11  支承结构变形云图

    Figure  11.  Deformations of support structure

    图  12  两种不同模型下结构变形对比图

    Figure  12.  Comparison of structural deformation under two different models

    图  13  不同撞击位置支承结构变形图

    Figure  13.  Deformations of support structure at different impact positions

    图  14  不同撞击速度下支承结构变形图

    Figure  14.  Deformations of support structure at different impact velocities

    表  1  杆件尺寸及数量

    Table  1.   Size and number of rods

    构件名称外径/mm壁厚/mm数量/根
    环杆141.090
    主肋141.030
    斜杆100.8120
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  两种模型计算结果对比

    Table  2.   Comparison of calculation results

    撞击速度/
    (km/s)
    撞击点变形/mm相邻杆平均变形/mm破坏模式
    显式等效显式等效
    0.19.428.817.0016.12结构整体
    凹陷
    0.215.4914.811.8312.00局部凹陷
    0.416.8816.814.8013.95局部凹陷
    0.615.4012.410.0010.25局部凹陷
    0.86.246.41.121.89杆件压断
    1.04.574.61.231.35杆件压断
    2.01.952.00.600.68节点击穿
    4.01.501.90.600.53节点击穿
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同撞击位置下结构最大位移

    Table  3.   Maximum deformations at different impact positions

    撞击点位222811152652
    最大位移/mm23.046.102.792.78
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同撞击速度下结构最大位移

    Table  4.   Maximum deformations of support structure at different impact velocities

    撞击速度/(km/s)5101520
    最大位移/mm6.1911.7517.3223.04
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-01
  • 修回日期:  2022-02-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-23
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-06

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